Malaysia’s King Al-Sultan Abdullah has declared a state of emergency across the country to curb the spread of Covid-19. An emergency would give the prime minister and his cabinet extraordinary powers, including allowing the government to introduce laws without the approval of parliament.

It comes after he consented to a request from Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin, who is on the brink of facing a leadership challenge.

An emergency would give the Prime Minister and his Cabinet extraordinary powers, including allowing the Government to introduce laws without the approval of Parliament.

It was not immediately clear how the emergency would impact day to day activities, but the constitution allows for Parliament to be suspended during that period — which could for now put an end to political uncertainties faced by Mr Muhyiddin.


Government will continue to function in emergency

Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy in which the king assumes a largely ceremonial role.

Under the constitution, the king carries out his duties with the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.

It also gives him the right to decide if an emergency should be declared, based on threats to security, economy or public order.

Nik Ahmad Kamal Nik Mahmood, legal expert at the International Islamic University of Malaysia, said the Government would gain wide powers during the emergency.

“If Parliament is not in session, the government has the power to make laws. The constitution is more or less suspended, as a substantial part of it can be overridden by emergency law,” he said.

On Monday, local time, Mr Muhyiddin announced a nationwide travel ban and a 14-day lockdown in the capital Kuala Lumpur and five states, saying the country’s healthcare system was at a breaking point.

The number of new daily infections hit a record high last week, breaching the 3,000 mark for the first time.

Total coronavirus cases passed 138,000 on Monday, with 555 deaths.